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With around 400 breeds of Canis Familiaris of every imaginable shape, size, color and temperament established since 1850, you are really spoilt for choices when it comes to picking your ‘best friend’.
The diversity of dog breeds is the brainwave of Man himself. Light-years ago, we domesticated wolves, fed and sheltered them to obtain loyalty, protection and aid in hunting in return. The evolution from ‘Wolf’ to ‘Woof’ gained momentum when the domesticated wolf cubs mated amongst themselves to produce new strains of tamer, more domesticated dogs.
Three processes contribute to the evolution of dog breeds:
Systematic Selection, which involves carefully selecting certain dogs for inherited traits like body type, coat characteristics, speed, herding, hunting, endurance, and size. This has resulted in producing dogs of distinctive looks and abilities like the Saluki, the Basenji, and the Greyhound.
Sports, refers to mutation in order to design puppies with unusual traits and exotic looks, such as hairlessness, lack of a tail or short limbs (e.g. the Dachshund).
Cross Breeding produces new forms by crossing two breeds that differ in appearance or behavior, followed by selective breeding of the offspring, resulting in a lot of genetic variation. The Australian cattle dog, Doberman Pinscher, and the Whippet are a few examples of cross-breeding.
Breed standards maintain the uniform appearance of purebred dogs. Once established, the look of purebred dogs won’t change much over time. In contrast, wild species evolve constantly in response to changing natural conditions.
Click on any of the alphabets to choose from the following list of all dog breeds to suit your work or whim:
The diversity of dog breeds increased in direct proportion to the jobs they needed to fill and the geographic conditions they were required to live in. Dogs not only came to be changed in terms of behavior patterns but underwent drastic transformations in their physical appearances as well.
With time, varied species of dogs were trained to pull carts and sleds, retrieve nets from the sea (the Retrievers), rescue people lost in snowdrifts (St.Bernards), guard man and property, assist policemen in sniffing out crimes, dig, to become fancy companions for ladies (e.g. Poodles) and fun playmates for children (e.g. Dachshund).
While weak dogs gradually became extinct, the survivors interbred, producing new breeds. These breeds were then classified into various Dog Groups. Those popularly known are given below:
Sporting Dog Group (developed to aid hunters by finding, flushing out and retrieving game)
Working Dog Group(which includes most of the guard dog breeds)
Toy Dog Group (most of the very small and miniature dog breeds including the lap dog and apartment-sized companion dogs are in this group)
Terrier Group (this group includes those small but lively terrier breeds that were developed, mainly in Great Britain, to hunt small animals)
Hound Group (these breeds were developed to follow game either by sight or by smell)
Herding Dog Group (the dog breeds in this group were developed to herd and control cattle and sheep and are therefore very energetic and intelligent)
Non-Sporting Dog Group (when a dog breed doesn’t seem to fit well in any other group, it becomes part of this group)
We continue to experiment with various breeds of dogs–clipping their nails, shaving their hair, cutting off their ears or tails to interfere with nature in order to serve our purpose.
Sign up for our Free Dog Mini Course to have a housebroken, obedient dog that happily comes to you every time you call.
You'll learn new commands to obedience-train your dog as well as how to housebreak your dog in 6 days or less.
You'll also learn how to eliminate bad habits like barking, nipping or biting, jumping, or pulling on the leash.