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Country of Origin, History of Teacup Havaneses
The Havanese is an old breed that finds its origins possibly dating back to before 100 BC in the Mediterranean region. It likely comes from the Bichon family of dogs and is related to the Maltese, Bichon Frise, and poodle.
The dog remained in Italy and Spain for a long time before finding its way aboard ships destined for Cuba. It is in Cuba that the modern breed formed, hence its nickname of the Havana silk dog.
In Cuba, the Havanese was a companion dog that was a pampered pet of the aristocrats. His cute looks, good demeanor, and size helped him gain popularity in America after the Cuban revolution in the late 1950s.
The teacup size of the Havanese is not a recognized size class but instead refers to a Havanese that is smaller than its breed standard. Teacup sized Havanese are produced in a normal litter, and a breeder cannot guarantee the dog's adult size.
Breed Selector Tool - is the Teacup Havanese the right breed for you?
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Teacup Havanese Calorie Calculator
Do you know how many calories your Teacup Havanese needs every day and how many cups of food you should be giving it every day? Click here to use our Teacup Havanese Calorie Calculator.
A General Appearance of the Teacup Havanese
The Havanese is a rectangular shaped dog in its outline and should be slightly longer than tall. The normal, breed standard sized Havanese is approximately 7-13 pounds and 8.5"-11.5"; tall at the shoulder.
Teacup Havanese are simply smaller than standard sized dogs averaging 4-7 pounds.
The breed has an interesting coat. It is double coated, but it doesn’t have a harsh texture or wiry guard hairs. Instead, the coat should be naturally long and silky, soft to the touch. Occasionally genetics gives an individual dog short hair, which is not desirable. These dogs are sometimes nicknamed Shavanese.
He has a tail that is carried over the back in a plume shape. The teacup Havanese can come in any color at all, and all colors are acceptable within the standard. They can be solid colors or in any combination. Havanese in shades of white, cream, brown, black, and in any combination are common. It is also not unusual to see freckling or spots on a Havanese’s skin.
Another unusual part of the Havanese is that his coat can be brushed and kept long or can be allowed to cord, with assistance. Cords appear on other breeds like Puli and Komondor and can make for an interesting look.
Temperament of the Dog.
The breed maintains a delightfully happy demeanor and outlook. He should be playful, outgoing, and alert. This alertness does translate to frequent barking in many individuals, and he can make an excellent friendly watchdog.
Although the breed is small, this doesn't
mean they aren't energetic. The teacup Havanese
is just as lively, and with its natural intelligence
will enjoy stimulating activities. They have excellent
personalities for a wide variety of environments
and make good family dogs.
The Right Kind of Home
Teacup Shih Tzus can easily accommodate to apartment living with being potty trained to use a litter box or potty pads if necessary. All their play needs can be met with indoor play. However, a small fenced yard keeps a Teacup Shih Tzu interested and occupied for periods of time each day. They enjoy being able to look out a window or door throughout the day. They are sensitive to the sun and heat, so long walks in the sun or high humidity are not advised. They should not be left outside alone for long periods. A daily walk is greatly enjoyed and helps with the energy level for the day.
As with all very small dogs, housetraining can pose a problem. Good adherence to crate training is recommended. Apartments might necessitate pee pads or indoor grass potties.
Otherwise, the Havanese is an intelligent breed willing to please. They are easily motivated to work, but harsh training methods are not suggested. They make eager companions for the Obedience ring, if desired.
The Havanese is a fairly energetic little dog, so plenty of daily exercise and training is required. They love to go for walks, but they are prone to pulling on the leash due to excitement.
The teacup variety requires less exercise, but a good daily walk would still be beneficial along with plenty of playtime.
The Havanese is a natural looking dog, and it does not typically necessitate top knots or bows in the hair. But, the beautiful coat does require very regular brushing with a pin brush or comb to keep it tangle free.
If you choose to go with a corded look, ask a professional groomer or Havanese breeder how to correctly cord the coat for the right look. Once corded, this type of coat requires no brushing at all.
Some people prefer not to cord or keep the teacup Havanese’s hair long. Then, monthly trips to the groomer will be necessary in order to keep his hair clipped in a puppy cut.
As with all very small dogs, good dental care is necessary to avoid dental disease, and routine ear cleaning, nail trims, and baths round out the grooming.
The Havanese is generally regarded as fairly healthy compared with other breeds, but there are certain issues to watch out for.
Some of the more important health considerations that affect Havanese are: deafness and hearing problems, eye issues like juvenile cataracts, liver shunts, heart problems, orthopedic issues like patellar luxation and hip dysplasia, skin problems and allergies, and chondrodysplasia, which is where there is a premature closing of the growth plates. This causes the front legs, one or both, to appear crooked or bowed, depending on the severity.
Any puppy should come from a breeder that conducts genetic testing for hearing, eyes (CERF), and hips (OFA).
Teacup Havanese should always be vet checked for any conditions that might contribute to the smaller size like heart problems, liver conditions, etc. as well as be carefully monitored to avoid hypoglycemia.
They will require more care throughout their lives as there are increased risks when using vaccinations, medication, anesthesia, etc. Always consult with your veterinarian about your dog prior to giving it anything new. A very tiny dog can quickly be adversely affected.
Teacup Havanese should not be allowed to jump on and off of furniture to protect their fragile bones and no rough playing with people or other dogs.
Group: Toy Group.
AKC Popularity Ranking: 24
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You'll also learn how to eliminate bad habits like barking, nipping or biting, jumping, or pulling on the leash.Here's just s small fraction of what else you'll learn in the course:
How to lead and think like a pack dog - the new psychology.
3 dangerous mistakes that most owners make when they are trying to potty train their dogs.
The 2 main reasons why your dog barks excessively and how to control its excessive barking.
How to obedience train your Teacup Havanese to permanently end behavioral problems like Jumping, Aggression, Pulling on Leash.
A surprisingly easy way to teach your dog cool new tricks.
How to improve your dog's lifespan and keep it from getting overly heavy with a healthy and nutritious diet.
Getting Pro help fast - how to get access to our expert trainers when you need them most.
One hidden psychological trigger that all Teacup Havaneses have... that practically allows you to "analyze" and "control" your dog's every action.
Priority access to the free online seminars conducted by our training experts.
Whereas other dog training related web sites and books offer generic information for dogs in general, ours is the ONLY web site that offers information specifically, from a renowned panel of experts - because as you probably know, s have their own special training requirements that other dogs don't have.
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