The Border Collie training information you will read here was developed
by a panel of renowned dog training experts whose
combined wisdom represents nearly 100 years of specialist
experience training dogs.
Here are a few of our experts:
has been featured in National TV and
Radio shows like Voice of America
and has been
dogs ever since he was 14 years old.
players, NFL players, professional
golfers, singers, wrestlers, governors, CEOs,
billionaire entrepreneurs, and many other celebrities
trust Ty because of his unique approach to training
He has trained dogs in 18 states
in the U.S.A and four other countries worldwide
and has spent several years working with high
level executive protection dogs who make wonderful
family pets, but potent guardians if called
is an internationally recognized Expert
Animal Communicator and Master
who has authored 6 books on Animal Communication
and has been featured in several TV
and Radio shows such as the
Wayne & Jayne Radio Show and Whole Life Radio
with Carmen & John LaMarca.
Her uncanny insight
into 'animal thought' comes from having intimately
worked with over 6,200 animals during the past
30 years, which is why we trust her profound
experience when she speaks.
Dr. Susan Lauten
Lauten has a Masters in Animal Nutrition
and a Ph.D in Biomedical Sciences.
Recently a guest of
Marty Becker on "Top Vets Talk Pets"
and interviewed by The Oregon Live,
she has authored several peer-reviewed articles
and veterinary nutrition reference book chapters.
With 5 years of experience teaching Veterinary
Nutrition at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital,
Dr. Lauten brings unequalled veterinary perspective
into how your dog should be cared for both medically
has a current practice which teaches nearly
200 young dog owners to train
their dogs in obedience and
Having spent over 40 years training
dogs, Sally has proven experience in helping
dogs to love and obey their owners and bond
deeply with them - while guiding owners to truly
appreciate the wonderful gift of friendship
this inevitably brings.
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Border Collie: Training, Characteristics, Exercise, Health
The Border Collie is commonly
known as a Sheep Dog; it is descended from
British ‘droving’ breeds and
also from the Spaniel family of dogs. It
is officially recognized as a Pastoral dog
by the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom.
In the United States, the Border Collie
is officially recognized as a herding dog
by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
Also known as:
About Border Collie
Country of Origin, History of the breed
The Border Collie is a type of herding dog that originated in Northumberland lying
on the border of Scotland and England
in the United Kingdom. The breed had
been developed from old British droving/gathering
breeds and spaniels. The mention of
the ‘Collie’ or ‘Colley’
type of dogs first appeared towards
the end of the nineteenth century.
A tri-color dog known as Old Hemp
has been regarded as the common ancestor
of all Border Collie dogs of the day.
Old Hemp had been
bred from a black and tan dog and
a black-coated, strong-eyed bitch.
Hemp had been a quiet and powerful
dog that sheep responded to very easily.
Breed Selector Tool - is the Border Collie the right breed for you?
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Find out by using our Free Dog Breed Selector Tool
Check Your Border Collie's Learning Style
Are you aware dogs also have a learning style that can greatly affect their ability to housetrain as well as be trained correctly. Evaluate your Border Collie's learning style and personality using our free Learning Style tool so that you are better able to provide him with the proper training methods.
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Does your Border Collie bark unnecessarily? Does your Border Collie come to you when you call? Download a FREE Report on Dog Dominance for you and your Border Collie and learn how to control your dog.
Do you make these mistakes with your Border Collie?
Are you inadvertently snow-balling bad behavior in your Border Collie? Evaluate your Dog Training Style from our Free Tool and learn how best to deal with your dog.
Border Collie Calorie Calculator
Do you know how many calories your Border Collie needs every day and how many cups of food you should be giving it every day? Click here to use our Border Collie Calorie Calculator.
A General Appearance
of the Dog
This dog is active and alert.
The Collie’s body has strong foot pads
and muscular hindquarters. The ears are not
cropped and are medium in size. The overall
body shape is balanced and appears to be athletic.
The Border Collie is strong and can endure
the physical demands of work appropriate to
the breed. In addition, Collies are known
to be intelligent animals, and their facial
expression is lively and alert.
The Border Collie is bred
in several color combinations, which include
solid color, bi-color, tri-color, merle, and
The dog’s coat can
be either rough or smooth. The Border Collie’s
coat is thick and water resistant. The topcoat
is straight or wavy and is coarser than the
undercoat. The undercoat is short and dense,
with a softer feel than the topcoat.
This breed is shorter in
height than in length.
Male: 19 to 22 inches
Female: 18 to 21 inches.
30 - 45 pounds.
Temperament of the
Border Collies are very
intelligent and protective of family members
as well as well-behaved with people who are
familiar to them. However, they are also known
to destroy property if they are left idle
for long periods of time, and they require
a great deal of personal attention. Unfortunately,
Border Collies are frequently seen in animal
shelters because their owners find that they
cannot give them enough attention.
The Border Collie is a ‘working
dog’ and it needs to be challenged.
It is more suited to an outdoor environment,
and it behaves well with children and cats,
but should be monitored if in the presence
of other small animals. The Collie behaves
well with dogs of the opposite sex, but it
tends to be aggressive with dogs of the same
sex. Due to its tendency to stare and monitor
behavior, the dog is sometimes seen as intimidating
people or other animals. Even with proper
attention and exercise, a Border collie is
an intelligent animal who may act impulsively.
For example, the Border Collie has a natural
inclination to escape an environment, so care
should be taken so that the dog doesn’t
try to jump over fences or ‘bolt’
through an opening in the yard.
As a companion animal, the
Border Collie shows affection toward people
who are familiar, but the dog will be reserved
when a stranger is in the home. Border Collies
relate to people by demonstrating interest
and alertness; the dog will not show fear
or apathy. If the dog becomes overtly aggressive,
vicious, shy, or reticent, the owner should
consider hiring a professional trainer as
these behaviors are considered to be serious
faults by professional breeders. These dogs
require physical and mental exercise on a
daily basis. As a result, they are not well
suited to an environment that cannot provide
Better suited to
an indoor or outdoor lifestyle?
When a person is considering
a Border Collie as a pet, he or she must be
aware that these animals require consistent
physical, as well as mental attention. The
dogs respond well to an outdoor, active lifestyle
and to long walks, training classes, or another
companion dog. In the event that training
classes are required, a personal trainer is
recommended due to the level of attention
required by a Border Collie. An owner needs
to prevent the dog from overexertion during
periods of high temperature.
Are they suited to
homes with kids?
Historically, Border Collies
were kept due to their natural inclination
for work and high level of energy. In addition,
they were easy to train due to their above-average
level of intelligence. As puppies, they easily
socialize with people and other animals. However, when
Border Collies are house pets, they maintain
the herding instinct. It is not uncommon to
see these dogs attempt to herd small animals,
family members, and even large vehicles into
a specific area of the house or yard. They
will try to herd children out of a swimming
pool! Therefore, these dogs are not suitable for households with small kids.
If Border Collies are left
alone for long periods of time without any
mental or physical stimulation, they can become
destructive and suffer from behavioral problems
due to neglect.
A Border Collie needs consistency
during training. For example, any words or
body movements used during training need to
be consistently repeated; otherwise, the Collie
will perceive any differences as a new command.
As previously stated, Border Collies are very
intelligent and will pick up on subtle changes
in an owner’s or trainer’s behavior.
When Border Collies are puppies,
they experience physical elimination simply
as a ‘need,’ not a discipline.
The dog will feel a need to urinate or defecate
and not have the ability to control the urge.
An owner or trainer needs to have the Collie
pup go outdoors on a regular schedule every
day for at least six months. The time outside
should be between thirty and sixty minutes.
Border Collies tend to drink a great deal
of water during the day, so they need to be
put outside frequently and consistently.
How active is the breed?
Because of their genetic predisposition toward
activity, Border Collies can become restless
when confined inside a home or pen. These
dogs respond well to indoor activities such
as playing with familiar toys, new toys, and
learning new tricks. These activities provide
the mental stimulation required by this breed
of dog. Outside, the Collie enjoys physical
exertion such as running across large areas,
engaging in ‘herding’ behavior,
and playing ‘catch’ with familiar
Indoors or outdoors, the
Border Collie can learn how to play ‘hide
and seek’ with people or with hidden
treats. This breed easily learns how to locate
objects due to its sharp sense of smell. The
dog will engage in this type of play for hours.
If the dog must be left alone for a period
of time, a companion dog will help keep him/her
from getting bored. Also, hiding treats and
toys around the yard will provide amusement
for the Collie.
Sometimes Border Collies
are not inclined to become active when left
alone. They may require someone to prompt
them and assist them in active behavior.
It is important to care
for the Border Collie’s undercoat, especially
during times of the year when the dog sheds.
It is recommended that the Collie’s
feet be groomed under the knee only; the hair
on the tail and upper-leg areas can be left
alone. This is mainly due to the dog’s
preference for the lower leg areas to be closely
There are several grooming
tools which can help groom a Border Collie,
such as a matt splitter, a palm brush, and
a nail clipper. A matt splitter should be
used sparingly to break apart areas of thickly
matted fur. A soft-bristle palm brush will
result in a smoother coat and a relaxing massage
for the dog. Owners can also use a ‘parrot’
(rounded) nail clipper, but it is recommended
that a professional groomer or veterinarian
perform toenail clipping to prevent harm or
discomfort from ‘short trimming’
the dog’s nails.
The breed requires weekly
grooming, which includes combing and brushing,
to maintain its coat, prevent shedding, and
detect insects or fleas. The Collie has a
soft, short thick undercoat and an outer coat
that is long and dense. The Border Collie
requires bathing only if necessary, not on
a regular basis. The ears should be checked
for ticks and fur in and around the openings
of the ears should be trimmed to a short length.
The most prominent illnesses
found in Border Collies are hip dysplasia,
elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, and hypothyroidism.
In addition, males with the ‘merle’
gene (which produces a multi-colored coat)
may develop eye problems, hearing problems,
or both. It is recommended that a Border Collie
be checked for the above illnesses during
middle age, beginning at approximately six
years of age.
Averages 6 puppies.
10 to 14 years
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National Breed Club
In the United Kingdom, the
Border Collie is promoted by The International
Sheep Dog Society. This organization provides
information primarily to England, Ireland,
Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands, and
the Isle of Man. The Society can be reached
via the Internet at http://www.isds.org.uk/society/membership.htm.
In the United States, this
breed is represented by The American Kennel
Club. This organization can be reached via
the internet at http://www.akc.org/index.cfm?nav_area=homepage.
The AKC) voted to recognize the Border Collie
as an official breed in February, 1995. The
AKC confirmed the showing of Border Collies
at competitions in October, 1995.
The Border Collie is recognized
by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom in
the ‘pastoral’ classification.
In the United States, the dog is recognized
by the American Kennel Club in the ‘herding’
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