The Cairn Terrier training information you will read here was developed
by a panel of renowned dog training experts whose
combined wisdom represents nearly 100 years of specialist
experience training dogs.
Here are a few of our experts:
has been featured in National TV and
Radio shows like Voice of America
and has been
dogs ever since he was 14 years old.
players, NFL players, professional
golfers, singers, wrestlers, governors, CEOs,
billionaire entrepreneurs, and many other celebrities
trust Ty because of his unique approach to training
He has trained dogs in 18 states
in the U.S.A and four other countries worldwide
and has spent several years working with high
level executive protection dogs who make wonderful
family pets, but potent guardians if called
is an internationally recognized Expert
Animal Communicator and Master
who has authored 6 books on Animal Communication
and has been featured in several TV
and Radio shows such as the
Wayne & Jayne Radio Show and Whole Life Radio
with Carmen & John LaMarca.
Her uncanny insight
into 'animal thought' comes from having intimately
worked with over 6,200 animals during the past
30 years, which is why we trust her profound
experience when she speaks.
Dr. Susan Lauten
Lauten has a Masters in Animal Nutrition
and a Ph.D in Biomedical Sciences.
Recently a guest of
Marty Becker on "Top Vets Talk Pets"
and interviewed by The Oregon Live,
she has authored several peer-reviewed articles
and veterinary nutrition reference book chapters.
With 5 years of experience teaching Veterinary
Nutrition at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital,
Dr. Lauten brings unequalled veterinary perspective
into how your dog should be cared for both medically
has a current practice which teaches nearly
200 young dog owners to train
their dogs in obedience and
Having spent over 40 years training
dogs, Sally has proven experience in helping
dogs to love and obey their owners and bond
deeply with them - while guiding owners to truly
appreciate the wonderful gift of friendship
this inevitably brings.
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Cairn Terrier: Origin, Temperament, Training, Exercise
Group: AKC and
Also Known As:
AKC Ranking: 48
About Cairn Terrier
Country of Origin, History of the breed
The Cairn Terrier, one of the oldest terrier breeds in the world, has been
a contributor to many of Scotland’s
terriers. The Scottish, West Highland, and
Cairn developed from the same stock, originating
in the highlands of western Scotland.
The three often were found in the same litter,
distinguished only by color. Named for the
piles of small stones used to mark farm borders,
landmarks and memorials, the Cairn’s
job was to rout small animals from their lairs
in these stone piles.
Breed Selector Tool - is the Cairn Terrier the right breed for you?
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Check Your Cairn Terrier's Learning Style
Are you aware dogs also have a learning style that can greatly affect their ability to housetrain as well as be trained correctly. Evaluate your Cairn Terrier's learning style and personality using our free Learning Style tool so that you are better able to provide him with the proper training methods.
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Cairn Terrier Calorie Calculator
Do you know how many calories your Cairn Terrier needs every day and how many cups of food you should be giving it every day? Click here to use our Cairn Terrier Calorie Calculator.
A General Appearance of
The Cairn Terrier is a very shaggy-looking
little terrier whose face has a fox-like appearance.
A very compact body type, the length of the back
is only about 14 inches. The Cairn’s head
is broad and he has a bushy topknot and eyebrows.
His ears are small, pointed and erect. He has a
short but hairy tail.
The coat of the Cairn is red,
brindle, black, sand, and various shades of gray.
Any color except white is acceptable but should
have dark points (ears, eyes and muzzle). Adult
coat color is hard to predict from puppy coat as
the color often continues to change for several
The outer coat of the Cairn Terrier
is profuse, hard and weather-resistant. The inner
coat is short and soft.
Males: 10 – 13 inches, but
ideally 10 inches
Females: 9 – 12 inches, but ideally 9.5 inches
Length of the body from the front
of the chest to the back of the hindquarters should
be 14.25 to 15 inches
Males: 14 – 18 lbs, but
ideally about 14 lbs
Females: 13 – 17 lbs, but ideally about 13
Temperament of the Dog
If you loved Toto in the movie
Wizard of Oz, then you will appreciate the mischievous,
curious breed known as Cairn Terrier.
The hardy and scrappy Cairn Terrier
is strong, alert, and spirited. He is a busybody
who is mischievous, independent, and lovable. He
has his own ideas of what to do and when to do it
and those ideas sometimes get him into trouble.
His independence, along with his fearlessness, make
him a bit difficult to obedience train if you don’t
start early and continue firmly and persistently.
His intelligence and desire to please make him good
in obedience and agility and both are activities
that direct his energy into positive outlets.
The Cairn Terrier entertains his
owner with boundless energy and all types of amusing
behavior. He loves to learn tricks and show off
Cairns are great with children
of all ages as they have great patience with them.
They adapt to new situations easily, so travel well.
They are sensitive, but need lovingly
Unnecessary barking will make
a pest of a once good watchdog and frantic digging
will turn a landscaped yard into what looks like
a mine field.
Cairn Terriers are big dogs in
a small body and will challenge any unknown dog
of any size if it feels the need. Its territorial
nature and instinct to chase will cause it to defend
its space, so invisible fencing is not advised.
This breed can be quite the charmer
and begging is not beneath him. Keep this terrier
active in its later years to avoid excessive weight
Females are often more independent
while males are more affectionate.
Better suited to an indoor
or outdoor lifestyle?
A Cairn Terrier is never to be
trusted outdoors by himself. If he is in an unfenced
area, he will chase something with no regard to
streets, large dogs, etc. so the consequences will
be tragic. If he is chained up, he will either dig
holes all over the area or he will challenge a larger
dog to come and fight or he will bark excessively.
Always supervise your Cairn outdoors.
Do not let him off lead except in an area with a
secured (underground as well as above ground) fence.
Are they suited to homes
The Cairn Terrier is very patient
with children of all ages. He loves to play, so
playing with children makes him happy.
How Active is the Breed?
This is a very active breed, but
they will get much of their activity from playing
with toys indoors.
How Much Exercise Does
the Dog Need at every stage of its Life?
The Cairn Terrier likes to run
and play (and dig) outdoors, but must be supervised
and inside a secure fence. He is a very energetic
little dog who can get much of his exercise from
playing with toys indoors.
He can live in an apartment if
he is taught early not to bark excessively and if
he is taken on a couple of daily walks. An occasional
romp in a secure area will satisfy him.
The shaggy coat of the Cairn Terrier
can quickly become a horrible, matted mess. To keep
this from happening, he needs to be brushed daily,
but his undercoat should not get overly much attention.
Once a month he will need a bath. Then his coat
should be brushed out carefully and completely when
it dries. A monthly trim around his eyes and ears
and feet and a monthly nail trim will keep him looking
and feeling his best.
Professional grooming 4-5 times
a year will shape the coat and eliminate dead hair
that does not shed.
Cairns shed very little.
One of the biggest problems with
Cairns is that they beg and they are great charmers,
so they tend very easily to be overweight. Limit
treats severely and make sure your Cairn gets plenty
Cairn Terriers have severe allergies
Life Span: Cairn
Terriers live 12-15 years.
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National Breed Clubs
British – Cairn Terrier
Association – www.midlandctc.co.uk
Cairn Terrier Club – www.thecairnterrierclub.co.uk
US – Cairn Terrier Club of America –
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC,
CET, APRI, ACR
Rescue Link: www.cairnterrier.org/rescue/
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